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M74 is a magnificent spiral galaxy about 32 million light years away in the constellation of Pisces.  It has quite low surface brightness which makes it quite a hard galaxy to observe.  It bears a passing resemblance to M101 I always think, but is much dimmer. M74 Galaxy in Pisces Imaged on 15th December 2022 when to The South.  I used my TEC 140 refractor with its field flattener, an Atik 460 CCD camera with Astrodon E series 1.25″ LRGB filters.  All on my MESU 200 mount which was off-axis guided.  The objective lens was very dirty and I cleaned it the following day.  Despite that, the image came out quite nice.This image is made from quite a modest data set comprising the followingLUM > 12 x 300s ; Red > 9 x 300s ; Green 9 x 300s ; Blue > 9 x 300s Which gives a total integration (exposure)…

M33 is a galaxy about 2.8 – 3 million light years away in the constellation of Triangulum.  Along with M33, it is one of the Local Group of galaxies with which our own Milky Way galaxy shares the local universe.  M33 is the most distant object that the human naked eye can see, appearing as a ghostly white smudge on a very dark night from clear skies.  It is a magnificent spiral galaxy about half the size of our own galaxy. M33 Galaxy in Triangulum I’ve imaged the galaxy multiple times.  For example, with the same FSQ85 telescope here and also at a closer image scale with the TEC140 refractor here. This time I have set the galaxy in a slightly wider field by utilising the FSQ85 0.73 reducer.  I used the Moravian G2-8300 CCD camera and Astrodon RGB filters all binned 1×1.  I did not use a separate luminance channel.Data…

M31 is one of the most favoured and popular imaging targets in the night sky; it is bright, large and very photogenic.  I have imaged this galaxy numerous times, for example, in this LRGB version and in this OSC version.   Since the galaxy is so large, each of these images is set in a wide field, one of 3 degrees horizontally and 2 degrees vertically across the field of view which equates to six times the diameter of the full moon. Many newcomers do not appreciate how large these objects are in the sky.  Large but VERY dim! M31 in OSC from a QHY268C and Takahashi FSQ85 refractor The above image is at a resolution of 4.16arcsec/pixel.  On such a large object as M31 this allows the entire galaxy to be imaged in one field of view on a wide field refractor such as the FSQ85 but does not allow…

M108 is a galaxy about 45 million light years away in the constellation of Ursa Major. It is sometimes called the surfboard galaxy. Technical Information M108 in Ursa Major with TEC140 Imaged from my backyard observatory in Nottingham, UK in April 2021 when M108 was almost directly overhead. I used my TEC140 refractor and Atik 460 CCD camera with Astrodon E series Gen LRGB filters (1.25″). There is almost 9.5 hours of data in this image consisting of: Lum > 42 x 300s; Red > 24 x 300s; Green > 24x300s; Blue 24 x 300s Image was captured using Sequence Generator Pro software and was guided using OAG on my MESU 200 mount. Processed with PixInsight and Photoshop 2021 CC. I hope you like it!

M63 is a magnificent spiral galaxy located in the Northern constellation of Canes Venatici, about 30 million light years away.  The galaxy is a member of the M51 group.  There are lots of faint galaxies in the background. M63 – The Sunflower Galaxy Technical Data M63, often called the Sunflower Galaxy because of its resemblance to that flower, is a spiral galaxy about 27 million light years away in the constellation of Canes Venatici.  It is a member of the M51 group of galaxies.I captured the data for this image of the galaxy from my back yard observatory in Nottingham, UK over the nights of 4th and 5th of May 2021 when M63 was high near the zenith.  Most of the data was captured in the middle of the night on an automated basis whilst I was asleep in bed!  I used my TEC140 refractor and Atik 460 CCD camera…